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Yoga Glossary

Yoga on holiday tries to explain you the most important terms in this Yoga glossary. This way you are perfectly prepared for a participation in Yoga holidays.
Asana  Physical poses, 3. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali
Ayurveda  Sanskrit word for „science of life“, a traditional Indian medicine   
Bhagavad Gita  Hindu scripture of 700-verses, part of the ancient Sanskrit work Mahabharata 
Chakra  Energy centre in the body, in total there are 7 arranged in one vertical line
Dharana  Unbending concentration of mind, 6. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali
Dhyana  Deep meditation on the divine, 7. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali
Gheranda  Samhita means “Gheranda's collection”, a classic text of Hatha Yoga
Guru  Person who is regarded as having wisdom and great knowledge of a special area and guides others as a teacher
Hatha Yoga Pradipika  classic text of Hatha Yoga
Hinduism  principal and most ancient religious tradition of India
Mantra  holy word, syllable, sound  
Mudra  ritual gestures, mostly performed with hands or fingers
Niyama  Inner observances, 2. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali   
Patañjali  Author of the Yoga Sutra, he defined the philosophic principles of Yoga
Prana  Vital energy
Pranayama  Breath control, 4. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali   
Pratyahara  Withdrawal of the senses, 5. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali   
Samadhi  Union with the Divine, 8. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali   
Sanskrit  ancient holy language of Hinduism   
Shiva Samhita  classic text of Hatha Yoga
Sri  equivalent to the English word “Mr.”
Swami  Form of respectful address for a religious master   
Tantra  philosophic and spiritual movement of the medieval India
Ujjayi Breathing  Breath technique, used in accordance with physical poses
Upanishads  ancient philosophic and religious Hindu texts, part of the Vedas   
Vedas  most ancient Hindu sacred texts, written in Sanskrit
Yama  Universal morality, 1. limb of the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali   
Yoga  spiritual Indian philosophy with the goal of enlightenment
Yoga-Sutras  most important work of yoga literature, written by Patanjali
Yogi, Yogini  Male and female form for persons who practice yoga

Everything clear now? We hope this Yoga glossary is helpful for you and recommend you to browse through our Yoga holidays here on Yoga on holiday.


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